Electronic Bulletin, July 2011, No. 6
Public Affairs Section, U.S. Consulate General, Hong Kong
July 2011, No. 6
(The Electronic Bulletin is an information service published by the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Consulate General and provided to subscribers by e-mail and fax. Except for the U.S. Government sites, the opinions expressed on the Internet sites listed here do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Government.)
2011 Trafficking in Persons Report
United States Department of State
The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the U.S. Government's principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world's most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts and reflects the U.S. Government's commitment to global leadership on this key human rights and law enforcement issue. It represents an updated, global look at the nature and scope of trafficking in persons and the broad range of government actions to confront and eliminate it. The U.S. Government uses the TIP Report to engage foreign governments in dialogues to advance anti-trafficking reforms and to combat trafficking and to target resources on prevention, protection and prosecution programs. Worldwide, the report is used by international organizations, foreign governments, and nongovernmental organizations alike as a tool to examine where resources are most needed. Freeing victims, preventing trafficking, and bringing traffickers to justice are the ultimate goals of the report and of the U.S Government's anti-human trafficking policy.
The 2011 report reflects upgrades for 23 countries in recognition of progress made and downgrades for 22 countries demonstrating sparse victim protections, desultory implementation, or inadequate legal structures. Of 37 countries ranked Tier 2 Watch List in 2010 and facing a possible statutory downgrade to Tier 3 per Section 107 of the TVPRA of 2008, 13 made sufficient progress to justify their upgrade to Tier 2; 10 were downgraded to Tier 3; and 13 received a waiver from the Secretary of State.
The 2011 report calls for "a Decade of Delivery," building on the progress of the last 10 years – seen through most countries' enactment of anti-trafficking laws and ratification of the UN's TIP (Palermo) Protocol – and fulfilling country commitments to and implement legal, policy, and programmatic obligations. Since the inception of the TIP Report in 2001, the number of countries included and ranked has more than doubled to include 184 countries in the 2011 TIP Report. The number of countries on Tier 1 has grown to 32, though the number of countries on Tier 3 has also risen to 23. Around the world, the TIP Report and the best practices reflected therein have inspired legislation, national action plans, implementation of policies and funded programs, protection mechanisms that complement prosecution efforts, and a comprehensive understanding of the issue.
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Subject: International Crime